On the night of November 9th to 10th 1938, the synagogues and prayer rooms of Jewish communities all over Germany and Austria were destroyed. More than 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and taken away to concentration camps.
Among the 1,200 Jewish Concentration Camp prisoners who were allowed to leave for Switzerland shortly before the end of World War I, was the five-year-old Czech orphan, Pavel Hoffmann.
On European Day of Jewish Culture, Professor Wolfgang Benz reports on his research on Norbert Stern, writer and scholar (1881 – 1964), a blind man who survived the Concentration Camp in Theresienstadt.
On the afternoon of February 7th, 1945 - three months before the end of the Second World War in Europe - two special trains of the Swiss Federal Railway arrived in St. Gallen. One thousand two hundred liberated Jewish prisoners from the Concentration Camp in Theresienstadt were on board.